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气相色谱仪使用注意事项及基本知识
发布者:河南仪器信息网-郑州宝晶电子科技有限公司 发布时间:2020/1/13 阅读:325504

QIXIANGSEPUSHIYONGZHUYISHIXIANG 

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气相色谱常见故障诊断!

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ZHUMINGCHENG ZUIGAOSHIYONGWENDU,℃

JIAOSHAWAN(YISANSHIWAN) 140

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PEG 20M 200

PEG 6000 175

Ucon HB 2000 225

APISONGK、M 250

SE 30 300

OV 1 300

E 301 300

OV 17 300

SE 52 300

DC FS-1265 (JIUCHENGQF-1) 250

DC 703 250

SE 54 300

Porapak-Q 250

Porapak-T 200

GDX-101,102,103,104,201 270

GDX-301,401,403 250

GDX-601 200

TDX-01 400

TANFENZISHAI 400 L* >(!qH0  

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YI、RECHUANDAOJIANCEQIDEQINGXI

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 ER、QINGYANLIZIHUAJIANCEQIDEQINGXI

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5.JIHUADIANYABUWENDING;

6.YOUGUANXINHAOLIANJIEJIECHUBULIANG;  

7.DIANYABUWENDING

8.JIEDIBUZHENGQUE;

9.SHUJUCHULIJIYOUGUZHANGHUOCANSHUSHEZHIBUHELI;

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TONGZAIQI, DIAOJIEZHUQIANYAYIDEDAOHESHIDEZAIQILIUSU(JIANXIABIAO)。

ZHUQIANYASHEZHIWEI15m 25m 30m 50m 100m

0.20mm 10-15 20-30 18-30 40-60 80-120

0.25mm 8-12 13-22 15-25 28-45 55-90

0.32mm 5-10 8-15 10-20 16-30 32-60

0.53mm 1-2 2-3 2-4 4-8 6-14 6p*%6Lj  

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YI、FENGDIUSHI

KENENGDEYUANYINJIYINGCAIYONGDEPAICHUFANGFA

1.JINYANGWENTI

2.WEIJIERUJIANCEQI,HUOJIANCEQIBUQIZUOYONG,JIANCHASHEDINGZHI

3.JINYANGWENDUTAIDI,JIANCHAWENDU,BINGGENJUXUYAODIAOZHENG  

4.ZHUXIANGWENDUTAIDI,JIANCHAWENDU,BINGGENJUXUYAODIAOZHENG

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ER、QIANYANFENG

1.ZHUCHAOZAI,JIANSHAOJINYANGLIANG

2.LIANGGEHUAHEWUGONGXITUO,TIGAOLINGMINDUHEJIANSHAOJINYANGLIANG,SHIWENDUJIANGDI10~20DU,YISHIFENGFENKAI

3.YANGPINLENGNING,JIANCHAJINYANGKOUHEZHUWEN,RUYOUBIYAOKESHENGWEN

4.YANGPINFENJIE,CAIYONGSHIHUOHUAJINYANGQICHENGUANHUODIAODIJINYANGQIWENDU)

SAN、TUOWEIFENG

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2.ZHUHUOJINYANGQIWENDUTAIDI:SHENGWEN(BUYAOCHAOGUOZHUZUIGAOWENDU)。JINYANGQIWENDUYINGBIYANGPINZUIGAOFEIDIANGAO25DU

3.LIANGGEHUAHEWUGONGXITUO:TIGAOLINGMINDU,JIANSHAOJINYANGLIANG,SHIWENDUJIANGDI10~20DU,YISHIFENGFENKAI 

4.ZHUSUNHUAI:GENGHUANZHU

5.ZHUWURAN:CONGZHUJINKOUDUANQUDIAO1~2QUAN,ZAIZHONGXINANZHUANG

MAOXIGUANFENXICHANGJIANWENTIDEJIEJUE

SI、JIXIANBUGUIZEHUOBUWENDING

1.ZHULIUSHIHUOWURAN:GENGHUANCHENTAO。RUBUNENGJIEJUEWENTI,JIUCONGZHUJINKOUDUANQUDIAO1~2QUAN,BINGZHONGXINANZHUANG

2.JIANCEQIHUOJINYANGQIWURAN:QINGXIJIANCEQIHEJINYANGQI

3.ZAIQIXIELOU:GENGHUANGEDIAN,JIANCHAZHUXIELOU。

4.ZAIQIKONGZHIBUXIEDIAO:JIANCHAZAISUOYUANYALISHIFOUCHONGZU。RUYALI≤500psi,QINGGENGHUANQIPING。

5.ZAIQIYOUZAZHIHUOQILUWURAN:GENGHUANQIPING,SHIYONGZAIQIJINGHUAZHUANGZHIQINGJIEJINSHUGUAN

6.ZAIQILIUSUBUZAIYIQIZUIDA/ZUIXIAOXIANDINGFANWEIZHINEI(BAOKUOFIDYONGQINGQIHEKONGQI):CELIANGLIUSU,BINGGENJUSHIYONGSHOUCEJISHUZHIBIAO,YUYIYANZHENG。

7.JIANCEQICHUMAOBING:CANZHAOYIQISHIYONGSHOUCEJINXINGJIANCHA

8.JINYANGQIGEDIANLIUSHI:LAOHUAHUOGENGHUANGEDIAN

WU、TONGYIGENZHUBAOLIUSHIJIANZHANGDUANBUYI

1.ZHUWENTAIDIHUOTAIGAO,JIANCHABINGDIAOZHENGZHUWEN。

2.ZAIQILIUSUTAIDIHUOTAIGAO,ZAIZHUCHUKOUCHUYONGSHIDANGDE,JINGBIAODINGQIYUANCELIANGLIUSU。

3.YANGPINQIGEDIANHUOZHUXIELOU,RUBIYAO,QINGJIANCHABINGXIUFU

4.ZHUWURANHUOSUNHUAI,ZHONGXINLAOHUAHUOGENGHUANZHU

5.YANGPINCHAOZAI,JIANSHAOYANGPINJINYANGLIANG。

6.JILUYICHUMAOBING,JIANCHAJILUYI

7.ZAIQIKONGZHIBUXIEDIAO,JIANCHAZAIQIYUAN,KANYALISHIFOUZUGOU。RUYALI≤500psi,QINGGENGHUAN

QIXIANGSEPUCHANGSHI

YI、 QIXIANGSEPUFAYOUNAXIETEDIAN 

DA:QIXIANGSEPUSHISEPUZHONGDEYIZHONG,JIUSHIYONGQITIZUOWEILIUDONGXIANGDESEPUFA,ZAIFENLIFENXIFANGMIAN,JUYOURUXIAYIXIETEDIAN:

1、GAOLINGMINDU:KEJIANCHU10mg-10KEDEWUZHI,KEZUOCHAOCHUNQITI、GAOFENZIDANTIDEHENJILIANGZAZHIFENXIHEKONGQIZHONGWEILIANGDUWUDEFENXI。

2、GAOXUANZEXING:KEYOUXIAODIFENLIXINGZHIJIWEIXIANGJINDEGEZHONGTONGFENYIGOUTIHEGEZHONGTONGWEISU。 

3、GAOXIAONENG:KEBAZUFENFUZADEYANGPINFENLICHENGDANZUFEN。'

4、SUDUKUAI:YIBANFENXI、ZHIXUJIFENZHONGJIKEWANCHENG,YOULIYUZHIDAOHEKONGZHISHENGCHAN。;

5、YINGYONGFANWEIGUANG:JIKEFENXIDIHANLIANGDEQI、YETI,YIKEFENXIGAOHANLIANGDEQI、YETI,KEBUSHOUZUFENHANLIANGDEXIANZHI

6、SUOXUSHIYANGLIANGSHAO:YIBANQITIYANGYONGJIHAOSHENG,YETIYANGYONGJIWEISHENGHUOJISHIWEISHENG。  

7、SHEBEIHECAOZUOBIJIAOJIANDANYIQIJIAGEBIANYI。

ER、QIXIANGSEPUDEFENLIYUANLIWEIHE?/ 

DA:QIXIANGSEPUSHIYIZHONGWULIDEFENLIFANGFA。LIYONGBEICEWUZHIGEZUFENZAIBUTONGLIANGXIANGJIANFENPEIXISHU(RONGJIEDU)DEWEIXIAOCHAYI,DANGLIANGXIANGZUOXIANGDUIYUNDONGSHI,ZHEIXIEWUZHIZAILIANGXIANGJIANJINXINGFANFUDUOCIDEFENPEI,SHIYUANLAIZHIYOUWEIXIAODEXINGZHICHAYICHANSHENGHENDADEXIAOGUO,ERSHIBUTONGZUFENDEDAOFENLI 

三、何谓气相色谱?它分几类?

DA:FANSHIYIQIXIANGZUOWEILIUDONGXIANGDESEPUJISHU,TONGCHENGWEIQIXIANGSEPU。YIBANKEANYIXIAJIFANGMIANFENLEI 

1、ANGUDINGXIANGJUJITAIFENLEI:

(1)QIGUSEPU:GUDINGXIANGSHIGUTIXIFUJI,

(2)QIYESEPU:GUDINGXIANGSHITUZAIDANTIBIAOMIANDEYETI。 

2、ANGUOCHENGWULIHUAXUEYUANLIFENLEI:

(1)XIFUSEPU:LIYONGGUTIXIFUBIAOMIANDUIBUTONGZUFENWULIXIFUXINGNENGDECHAYIDADAOFENLIDESEPU。

(2)FENPEISEPU:LIYONGBUTONGDEZUFENZAILIANGXIANGZHONGYOUBUTONGDEFENPEIXISHUYIDADAOFENLIDESEPU。  

(3)QITA:LIYONGLIZIJIAOHUANYUANLIDELIZIJIAOHUANSEPU:LIYONGJIAOTIDEDIANDONGXIAOYINGJIANLIDEDIANSEPU;LIYONGWENDUBIANHUAFAZHANERLAIDERESEPUDENGDENG。

3、ANGUDINGXIANGLEIXINGFENLEI: 

(1)ZHUSEPU:GUDINGXIANGZHUANGYUSEPUZHUNEI,TIANCHONGZHU、KONGXINZHU、MAOXIGUANZHUJUNSHUCILEI。  

(2)ZHISEPU:YILVZHIWEIZAITI,

(3)BOMOSEPU:GUDINGXIANGWEIFENMOYACHENGDEBOMO。  

4、ANDONGLIXUEGUOCHENGYUANLIFENLEI:KEFENWEICHONGXIFA,QUDAIFAJIYINGTOUFASANZHONG。 

SI、QIXIANGSEPUFAJIANDANFENXIZHUANGZHILIUCHENGSHISHENME? 

DA:QIXIANGSEPUFAJIANDANFENXIZHUANGZHILIUCHENGJIBENYOUSIGEBUFENZUCHENG:

1、QIYUANBUFEN,

2、JINYANGZHUANGZHI,

3、SEPUZHU,

4、JIANDINGQIHEJILUQI.

WU、QIXIANGSEPUFADEYIXIECHANGYONGSHUYUJIJIBENGAINIANJIESHI?

DA:1、XIANG、GUDINGXIANGHELIUDONGXIANG:YIGETIXIZHONGDEMOUYIJUNYUNBUFENCHENGWEIXIANG;ZAISEPUFENLIGUOCHENGZHONG,GUDINGBUDONGDEYIXIANGCHENGWEIGUDINGXIANG;TONGGUOHUOYANZHEGUDINGXIANGYIDONGDELIUTICHENGWEILIUDONGXIANG。

2、SEPUFENG:WUZHITONGGUOSEPUZHUJINDAOJIANDINGQIHOU,JILUQISHANGCHUXIANDEYIGEGEQUXIANCHENGWEISEPUFENG。

3、JIXIAN:ZAISEPUCAOZUOTIAOJIANXIA,MEIYOUBEICEZUFENTONGGUOJIANDINGQISHI,JILUQISUOJILUDEJIANCEQIZAOSHENGSUISHIJIANBIANHUATUXIANCHENGWEIJIXIAN。

4、FENGGAOYUBANFENGKUAN:YOUSEPUFENGDENONGDUJIDADIANXIANGSHIJIANZUOBIAOYINCHUIXIANYUJIXIANXIANGJIAODIANJIANDEGAODUCHENGWEIFENGGAO,YIBANYIhBIAOSHI。SEPUFENGGAOYIBANCHUDEKUANWEIBANFENGKUAN,YIBANYI x1/2BIAOSHI。

5、FENGMIANJI:LIUCHUQUXIAN(SEPUFENG)YUJIXIANGOUCHENGZHIMIANJICHENGFENGMIANJI,YONGABIAOSHI。

6、SISHIJIAN、BAOLIUSHIJIANJIXIAOZHENGBAOLIUSHIJIAN:CONGJINYANGDAODUOXINGQITIFENGCHUXIANJIDAZHIDESHIJIANCHENGWEISISHIJIAN,YItdBIAOSHI。CONGJINYANGDAOCHUXIANSEPUFENGZUIGAOZHISUOXUDESHIJIANCHENGBAOLIUSHIJIAN,YItrBIAOSHI。BAOLIUSHIJIANYUSISHIJIANZHICHACHENGXIAOZHENGBAOLIUSHIJIAN。YIVdBIAOSHI。  

7、SITIJI,BAOLIUTIJIYUXIAOZHENGBAOLIUTIJI:SISHIJIANYUZAIQIPINGJUNLIUSUDECHENGJICHENGWEISITIJI,YIVdBIAOSHI,ZAIQIPINGJUNLIUSUYIFcBIAOSHI,Vd=tdxFc。BAOLIUSHIJIANYUZAIQIPINGJUNLIUSUDECHENGJICHENGBAOLIUTIJI,YIVrBIAOSHI,Vr=trxFc。

8、BAOLIUZHIYUXIANGDUIBAOLIUZHI:BAOLIUZHISHIBIAOSHISHIYANGZHONGGEZUFENZAISEPUZHUZHONGDETINGLIUSHIJIANDESHUZHI,TONGCHANGYONGSHIJIANHUOYONGJIANGZUFENDAICHUSEPUZHUSUOXUZAIQIDETIJILAIBIAOSHI。YIYIZHONGWUZHIZUOWEIBIAOZHUN,ERQIUCHUQITAWUZHIDEBAOLIUZHIDUICIBIAOZHUNWUDEBIZHI,CHENGWEIXIANGDUIBAOLIUZHI。 

9、YIQIZAOYIN:JIXIANDEBUWENDINGCHENGDUCHENGZAOYIN。  

10、JILIU:QINGYANSEPU,ZAIMEIYOUJINYANGSHI,YIQIBENSHENCUNZAIDEJISHIDIANLIU(DIDIANLIU),JIANCHENGJILIU  

LIU、YIBANXUANZEZAIQIDEYIJUSHISHENME?QIXIANGSEPUCHANGYONGDEZAIQIYOUNAXIE?  

DA:ZUOWEIQIXIANGSEPUZAIQIDEQITI,YAOQIUYAOHUAXUEWENDINGXINGHAO;CHUNDUGAO;JIAGEBIANYIBINGYIQUDE;NENGSHIHEYUSUOYONGDEJIANCEQI。CHANGYONGDEZAIQIYOUQINGQI、DANQI、YAQI、HAIQI、ERYANGHUATANQIDENGDENG。

QI、ZAIQIWEISHENMEYAOJINGHUA?YINGRUHEJINGHUA?  

DA:SUOWEIJINGHUA,JIUSHICHUQUZAIQIZHONGDEYIXIEYOUJIWU、WEILIANGYANG,SHUIFENDENGZAZHI,YITIGAOZAIQIDECHUNDU。BUCHUNJINGDEQITIZUOZAIQI,KEDAOZHIZHUSHIXIAO,YANGPINBIANHUA,QINGYANSEPUKEDAOZHIJILIUZAOYINZENGDA,REDAOSEPUKEDAOZHIJIANDINGQIXIANXINGBIANLIEDENG,SUOYIZAIQIBIXUJINGGUOJINGHUA。YIBANJUNCAIYONGHUAXUECHULIDEFANGFACHUYANG,RUYONGHUOXINGTONGCHUYANG;CAIYONGFENZISHAI、HUOXINGTANDENGXIFUJICHUYOUJIZAZHI;CAIYONGXIJIAO,FENZISHAIDENGXIFUJICHUSHUIFEN。

BA、SHIYANGDEJINYANGFANGFAYOUNAXIE?

DA:SEPUFENLIYAOQIUZAIZUIDUANDESHIJIANNEI,YI“SAIZI”XINGSHIDAJINYIDINGLIANGDESHIYANG,JINYANGFANGFAKEFENWEI:

1、QITISHIYANG:DAZHIJINYANGFANGFAYOUSIZHONG:(1)ZHUSHEQIJINYANG,(2)LIANGGUANJINYANG,(3)DINGTIJIJINYANG,(4)QITIZIDONGJINYANG。YIBANCHANGYONGZHUSHEQIJINYANGJIQITIZIDONGJINYANG。ZHUSHEQIJINYANGDEYOUDIANSHISHIYONGLINGHUO,FANGFAJIANBIAN,DANJINYANGLIANGZHONGFUXINGJIAOCHA。QITIZIDONGJINYANGSHIYONGDINGLIANGFAJINYANG,ZHONGFUXINGHAO,QIEKEZIDONGCAOZUO。

2、YETISHIYANG:YIBANYONGWEILIANGZHUSHEQIJINYANG,FANGFAJIANBIAN,JINYANGXUNSU。YEKECAIYONGDINGLIANGZIDONGJINYANG,CIFAJINXINGZHONGFUXINGLIANGHAO。

3、GUTISHIYANG:TONGCHANGYONGRONGJIJIANGSHIYANGRONGJIE,RANHOUCAIYONGHEYETIJINYANGTONGYANGFANGFAJINYANG。YEYOUYONGGUTIJINYANGQIJINYANGDE

JIU、JIANSHUZAIQIXIANGSEPUFENXIZHONGZHUZHANG、ZHUNEIJING、ZHUWEN、ZAIQILIUSU、GUDINGXIANG、JINYANGDENGCAOZUOTIAOJIANDUIFENLIDEYINGXIANG?  

DA:CAOZUOTIAOJIANDUIYUSEPUFENLIYOUHENDAYINGXIANG。1、ZHUZHANG,ZHUNEIJING:YIBANJIANG,ZHUGUANZENGZHANG,KEGAISHANFENLINENGLI,DUANZEZUFENLIUCHUDEKUAIXIE;ZHUNEIJINGXIAOFENLIXIAOGUOHAO,ZHUNEIJINGDACHULILIANGDA,DANZHUNEIJINGGUODA,JIANGDAOZHIDANTIBUNENGJUNYUNDIFENBUZAISEPUZHUZHONG。FENXIYONGZHUGUANYIBANNEIJINGWEI3-6HAOMI,ZHUZHANGWEI1-4MI。

2、ZHUWEN:SHIYIGEZHONGYAODECAOZUOBIANSHU,ZHIJIEYINGXIANGFENLIXIAONENGHEFENXISUDU。XUANZEZHUWENDEGENJUSHIHUNHEWUDEFEIDIANFANWEI,GUDINGYEDEPEIBIHEJIANDINGQIDELINGMINDU。TIGAOZHUWENKESUODUANFENXISHIJIAN;JIANGDIZHUWENKESHISEPUZHUXUANZEXINGZENGDA,YOULIYUZUFENDEFENLIHESEPUZHUWENDINGXINGTIGAO,ZHUSHOUMINGYANZHANG。YIBANCAIYONGDENGYUHUOGAOYUSHUSHIDUYUYANGPINDEPINGJUNFEIDIANDEZHUWENWEIJIAOHESHI,DUIYIHUIFAYANGYONGDIZHUWEN,BUYIHUIFADEYANGPINCAIYONGGAOZHUWEN。 

3、ZAIQILIUSU:ZAIQILIUSUSHIJUEDINGSEPUFENLIDEZHONGYAOYUANYINZHIYI。YIBANJIANGLIUSUGAOSEPUFENGXIA,FANZHIZEKUANXIE,DANLIUSUGUOGAOHUOGUODIDUIFENLIDOUYOUBULIDEYINGXIANG。LIUSUYAOQIUYAOPINGWEN,CHANGYONGDELIUSUFANWEIMEIFENZHONGZAI10-100BOSHENGZHIJIAN。

4、GUDINGXIANG:GUDINGXIANGSHIYOUGUTIXIFUJIHUOTUYOUGUDINGYEDEDANTIGOUCHENG。

(1)GUTIXIFUJIHUODANTICUXI:YIBANCAIYONG40-60MU、60-80MU、80-100MU。DANGYONGTONGDENGZHANGDUDEZHUZI,KELIXIDEFENLIXIAOLVJIUYAOBICUDEHAOXIE。 

(2)GUDINGYEHANLIANG:GUDINGYEHANLIANGDUIFENLIXIAOLVDEYINGXIANGHENDA,TAYUDANTIDEZHONGLIANGBIYIBANYONG15%-25%。BILIGUODAYOUSUNYUFENLI,BILIGUOXIAOHUISHISEPUFENGTUOWEI。

5、JINYANG:YIBANJIANGJINYANGKUAI,JINYANGLIANGXIAO,JINYANGWENDUGAOQIFENLIXIAOGUOHAO。DUIJINYETIYANG,SUDUYAOKUAI,QIHUAWENDUYAOGAOYUYANGPINZHONGGAOFEIDIANZUFENDEFEIDIANZHI,YICIQIHUA,BAOZHENGSEPUFENGXINGBUZHIZHANKUAN、SHIZHUXIAOGAO。DANGJINYANGLIANGZAIYIDINGXIANDUSHI,SEPUFENGDEBANFENGKUANSHIBUBIANDE。RUOJINYANGLIANGGUODUOJIUHUIZAOCHENGSEPUZHUCHAOZAI。YIBANJIANGZHUZHANGZENGJIASIBEI,YANGPINDEXUKELIANGZENGJIAYIBEI。DUIYUCHANGGUIFENXI,YETIJINYANGLIANGWEI1-20WEISHENG;QITIJINYANGLIANGWEI0.1-5HAOSHENG。

SHI、SEPUZHUGUANCAILIAOYINGGENJUSHENMEYUANZEXUANZE?CHANGYONGDEZHUGUANSHIYOUSHENMECAIZHIZHICHENGDE?

DA:DUISEPUZHUGUANCAIZHI,YINGANRUXIAYAOQIUXUANZE:1、YINGYUGUDINGXIANG、SHIYANG、ZAIQIBUQIHUAXUEFANYING。2、YAOYIYUJIAGONGCHENGXING。3、GUANNEIBIYINGGUANGHUA,HENGJIEMIANYINGJUNYUNCHENGYUANXING。YIBANSEPUZHUGUANXINGZHUANGCHENGUXINGHUOLUOXUANXING,DADUOYOUTONG、BUXIUGANG,BOLIDENGCAIZHIZHICHENG。

SHIYI、XINDESEPUZHUGUAN(TONGHUOBUXIUGANGGUAN)YINGZENYANGCHULIHOUFANGNENGSHIYONG?

DA:XINZHUGUANYINGXIANYONGXISUANHUOXIJIAN(1:1YANSUANHUOQINGYANGHUANA)XIDI,YICHUQUYOUWUDENGZANGGOU,ERHOUYONGZILAISHUICHONGXI,JIERYONGZHENGLIUSHUICHONGXIZHIZHONGXING,ZAIYONGGANJINGDEKONGQICHUIXIBINGHONGGANHOU,JIKESHIYONGLE。  

SHIER、SHENMEJIAODANTI?DUIDANTIYOUNAXIEYAOQIU?

DA:DANTISHIYIZHONGDUOKONGXINGHUAXUEDUOXINGGUTI,ZAIQIXIANGSEPUZHONGYONGLAIZHICHENGGUDINGYE。  

DUIDANTIYOURUXIAJIDIANYAOQIU:

1、BIAOMIANJIJIAODA,YIBANYINGZAI0.5-2MI/KEZHIJIAN;  

2、JUYOUHUAXUEDUOXINGHEREWENDINGXING; 

3、YOUYIDINGDEJIXIEQIANGDU,SHITUZIHETIANCHONGGUOCHENGBUYINQIFENSUI;

4、YOUSHIDANGDEKONGXIJIEGOU,LIYULIANGXIANGJIANKUAISUCHUANZHI; 

5、NENGZHICHENGJUNYUNDEQIUZHUANGKELI,LIYUQIXIANGSHENTOUHETIANCHONGJUNYUNXINGHAO;

6、YOUHENHAODEJINRUNXING,BIANYUGUDINGYEDEJUNYUNFENBU。

WANQUANMANZUSHANGSHUYAOQIUDEDANTISHIKUNNANDE,RENMENZAISHIJIANZHONGZHINENGZHAOCHUXINGNENGBIJIAOYOULIANGDEDANTI。_  

SHISAN、DANTIFENJILEI?QITEDIANRUHE?

DA:TONGCHANGFENWEIGUIZAOTUHEFEIGUIZAOTULIANGDALEI,MEIYILEIYOUYOUZHONGZHONGXIAOLEI。  

1、GUIZAOTULEIXING:

(1)BAISEDE:BIAOMIANJIXIAO,SHUSONG,ZHICUI,XIFUXINGNENGXIAO,JINGSHIDANGCHULI,KEFENXIQIANGJIXINGZUFEN;  

(2)HONGSEDE:YOUJIAODADEBIAOMIANJIHEJIAOHAODEJIXIEQIANGDU,DANXIFUXINGJIAODA。

FEIGUIZAOTULEIXING: 

(1)FUDANTI:BIAOMIANDUOXINGHAO,KEYONGLAIFENXIGAOJIXINGHEFUSHIXINGWUZHI,DANZHUANGZHUBUYI,ZHUXIAOLVDIXIE。

(2)BOLIWEIQIU:BIAOMIANJIXIAO,YONGTAZUODANTIZHUWENKEYIDADAJIANGDI,ERFENLIWANQUANQIEKUAISU。DANTUZIKUNNAN,ZHUXIAODI。

(3)DUOKONGXINGGAOJUWUXIAOQIU:JIXIEQIANGDUGAO,REWENDINGXINGHAO,XIFUXINGDI,NAIFUSHI,FENLIXIAOLVGAO,SHIYIZHONGXINGNENGYOULIANGDEXINXINGSEPUGUDINGXIANG。  

(4)TANFENZISHAI:ZHONGXING,BIAOMIANJIDA,QIANGDUGAO,QUSHOUMINGZHANG,ZAIWEILIANGFENXISHANGYOUWUBIDEYOUYUEXING。

(5)HUOXINGTAN:KEYIDANDUZUOWEIGUDINGXIANG。 

(6)SHA:ZHUYAOYONGYUFENLIJINSHU。  

SHISI、YIBANCHANGYONGDEDANTIYOUNAJIZHONG?GESHUNALEI?

DA:101DANTI:WEIBAISEGUIZAOTUDANTI;

102DANTI:WEIBAISEGUIZAOTUDANTI;celite545:WEIBAISEGUIZAOTUDANTI;201DANTI:WEIHONGSEGUIZAOTUDANTI; 6201DANTI:WEIHONGSEGUIZAOTUDANTI;C-22BAOWENZHUAN:WEIHONGSEGUIZAOTUDANTI;chvomosovbp:WEIHONGSEGUIZAOTUDANTI。 

SHIWU、SHIYONGDANTIWEIHEYAOJINXINGCHULI?YIBANCHULIDEFANGFAYOUNAXIE?

DA:CHANGYONGDEDANTIBIAOMIANBINGFEIDUOXING,TAJUYOUBUTONGCHENGDUDECUIHUAZUOYONGHEXIFUXING(TEBIESHIGUDINGYEHANLIANGDISHIHEFENLIJIXINGWUZHISHI)ZAOCHENGFENGTUOWEIHEZHUXIAOXIAJIANG,BAOLIUZHIGAIBIANDENGYINGXIANG,YINERXUYAOYUCHULI。XIANJIANGYIBANCHULIFANGFAJIANSHURUXIA:

1、SUANXIFA:YONGNONGYANSUANJIARECHULIDANTI20-30FENZHONG,RANHOUYONGZILAISHUICHONGXIZHIZHONGXING,ZAIYONGJIACHUNPIAOXI,HONGGANBEIYONG。CIFAZHUYAOCHUQUDANTIBIAOMIANDETIEDENGWUJIWUZAZHI。

2、JIANXIFA:YONG10%DEQINGYANGHUANAHUO5%DEQINGYANGHUAJIA-JIACHUNRONGYEJINPAOHUOHUILIUDANTI,RANHOUYONGSHUICHONGXIZHIZHONGXING,ZAIYONGJIACHUNPIAOXI,HONGGANBEIYONG。JIANXIDEMUDESHICHUQUBIAOMIANDESANYANGHUAERLVDENGSUANXINGZUOYONGDIAN,DANWANGWANGZAIBIAOMIANSHANGCANLIUWEILIANGDEYOULIJIAN,TANENGFENJIEHUOXIFUYIXIEFEIJIANXINGWUZHI,SHIYONGSHIYAOZHUYI。

3、GUIWANHUA:YONGGUIWANHUASHIJIHEDANTIBIAOMIANDEGUICHUN、GUIMIJITUANQIFANYING,CHUQUBIAOMIANDEQINGJIANJIEHENENGLI,KEYIGAIJINDANTIDEXINGNENG。CHANGYONGDEGUIWANHUASHIJIYOUERJIAJIERLVGUIWANHELIUJIAJIERGUIAN。

4、YOUHUA:BAYUCHULIDEDANTIZAI2、3%DETANSUANNA-TANSUANJIA(1:1)SHUIRONGYEZHONGJINPAOYITIAN,HONGGANHOUXIANZAI870DUXIADUANSHAO3、5XIAOSHI,RANHOUSHENGWENDAO980DUDUANSHAOYUE40FENZHONG。JINGGUOZHEIYANGCHULI,DANTIBIAOMIANXINGCHENGYICENGBOLIHUADEYOUZHI,GUCHENG“YOUHUADANTI”。ZHEIZHONGDANTIDEXIFUXINGNENGXIAO,QIANGDUDA,DANGGUDINGYEZHONGJIARUSHAOLIANGDEQUWEIJIHOU,NENGFENXIRUCHUN、SUANDENGJIXINGJIAOQIANGDEWUZHI。DANDUIFEIJIXINGWUZHIZHUXIAONENGZESHAOYOUXIAJIANG。CIWAIJIACHUNHEJIASUANDENGWUZHIZAIYOUHUADANTISHANGYOUYIDINGDEBUKENIHUAXUEXIFU,ZAIDINGLIANGFENXISHIYINGYUYIZHUYI。 

5、QITACHUNHUAFANGFA:FANSHIYONGHUAXUEFANYINGLAICHUQUHUOXINGZUOYONGDIANHUOYONGWULIFUGAIYIDADAOCHUNHUADANTIBIAOMIANXINGZHIDEFANGFADOUKEYISHIYONG。

SHILIU、CHANGYONGDEDANTIMUSHUWEIDUOSHAO? 

DA:CHANGYONGDE4-6HAOMINEIJINGDESEPUZHU:DUIYUJIAOZHANGSEPUZHU,XUANYONGDANTIMUSHUYIBANWEI40-80MU;DUIYUJIAODUANSEPUZHUXUANYONGDANTIMUSHUYIBANWEI80-100MU(MEIYINGCUNNEIDESHAIKONGSHUMUWEIMU)。  

SHIQI、CHANGYONGDEDANTIZENYANGXUANZE?

DA:GEZHONGDANTI,MINGMUFANDUO。ZAICHANGYONGGUIZAOTUDANTIZHONG,HONGSEDANTI(RU6201、201),KEYONGYUFEIJIXINGHUORUOJIXINGWUZHIDEFENLI。BAISEDANTI(RU101)KEYONGYUJIXINGWUZHIHUOJIANXINGWUZHI。YOUHUAHONGSEDANTI(RU301)KEYONGYUZHONGDENGJIXINGWUZHI。GUIWANHUABAISEDANTIKEYONGYUQIANGJIXINGQINGJIANXINGWUZHIRUFEISHUICEDING。FENLISUANXINGWUZHI,RUFENLEI,YAOYONGSUANXICHULIDEDANTI。FENLIJIANXINGWUZHI,RUYICHUNAN,YAOYONGJIANXICHULIDEDANTI。WEILIANGFENXIYAOYONGGUIWANHUADEDANTI。YOUXIETESHUDEQINGKUANGXIAYAOYONGTESHUDEDANTI,RUFUDANTIFENLIYIQINGSUANZHILEI。DANSHIZAIPUTONGDECHANGLIANGFENXIZHONG,DUIDANTIKEYIBUBIGUOFENJIANGJIU,SHENZHIRUNAIHUOZHUANFENLI,BOLIZHUSHAHEHAISHAYEKEYISHIYONG。  

SHIBA、HEWEIGUTIGUDINGXIANG?DATIKEFENWEIJILEI?

DA:ZHIZHIJIEZHUANGTIANDAOSEPUZHUZHONGZUOWEIGUDINGXIANGDEJUYOUHUOXINGDEDUOKONGXINGGUTIWUZHI。 

GUTIGUDINGXIANGDATIKEFENWEISANLEI:  

DIYILEISHIXIFUJI。RU:FENZISHAI、GUIJIAO、HUOXINGTAN、YANGHUALVDENG;

DIERLEISHIGAOFENZIJUHEWU。RUGUONEIDEGDXXINGGAOFENZIDUOKONGWEIQIU,GUOWAIPorapakXILIEDENG;

DISANLEISHIHUAXUEJIANHEGUDINGXIANG。ZAIQIXIANGSEPUZHONG,TONGCHANGSHIJIANGGUDINGYETUFUZAIZAITIBIAOMIANSHANG。CAIYONGHUAXUEJIANHEGUDINGXIANGFENXIJIXINGHUOFEIJIXINGWUZHITONGCHANGDOUNENGGOUDEDAODUICHENGFENG,ZHUXIAOHENGAO,GUDINGXIANGDEREWENDINGXINGYEYOUSUOGAISHAN。

SHIJIU、SHENMESHIGUDINGYE?DUIGUDINGYEYOUNAXIEYAOQIU? 

DA:YIBANSHIYIZHONGGAOFEIDIANDEYOUJIWUDEYEMO,TONGGUODUIBUTONGZUFENDEBUTONGFENZIJIANDEZUOYONG,SHIZUFENZAISEPUZHUZHONGDEDAOFENLI。

DUIQIXIANGSEPUYONGDEGUDINGYE,YIBANYOURUXIAJIDIANYAOQIU:

1、ZAICAOZUOWENDUXIAZHENGQIYADI,REWENDINGXINGHAO,YUBEIFENXIWULIHUOZAIQIBUCHANSHENGBUKENIFANYING; 

2、ZAICAOZUOWENDUXIACHENGYETAI,ERQIEZHANDUYUDIYUHAO。WUZHIZAIGAOZHANDUDEGUDINGYEZHONGCHUANZHISUDUMAN,ZHUXIAOLVYINERJIANGDI。ZHEIJUEDINGGUDINGYEDEZUIDISHIYONGWENDU;

3、NENGLAOGUDIFUZHEZAIZAITISHANG,BINGXINGCHENGJUNYUNHEJIEGOUWENDINGDEBOCENG;

4、BEIFENLIDEWUZHIBIXUZAIQIZHONGYOUYIDINGDERONGJIEDU,BURANJIUHUIHENKUAIDIBEIZAIQIDAIZOUERBUNENGZAILIANGXIANGZHIJIANJINXINGFENPEI

5、DUIFEIDIANXIANGJINERLEIXINGBUTONGDEWUZHIYOUFENLINENGLI,JIBAOLIUYIZHONGLEIXINGHUAHEWUDENENGLIDAYULINGYIZHONGLEIXING。ZHEIZHONGFENLINENGLIJISHIGUDINGYEDEXUANZEXING。  

ERSHI、GUDINGYEDEXUANZEYUANZEYOUNAXIE?

DA:GENJUBEIFENLIZUFENHEGUDINGYEFENZIJIANDEXIANGHUZUOYONGGUANXI,GUDINGYEDEXUANZEYIBANGENJUSUOWEIDE“XIANGSIXINGYUANZE”,JIGUDINGYEDEXINGZHIYUBEIFENLIZUFENZHIJIANDEMOUXIEXIANGSIXING,RUGUANNENGTUAN、HUAXUEJIAN、JIXING、MOUXIEHUAXUEXINGZHIDENG,XINGZHIXIANGSISHI,LIANGZHONGFENZIJIANDEZUOYONGLIJIUQIANG,BEIFENLIZUFENZAIGUDINGYEZHONGDERONGJIEDUJIUDA,FENPEIXISHUDA,YINERBAOLIUSHIJIANJIUZHANG;FANZHIRONGJIEDUXIAO,FENPEIXISHUXIAO,YINERNENGHENKUAILIUCHUSEPUZHU。XIAMIANJIUBUTONGQINGKUANGJINXINGTAOLUN:

a、FENLIJIXINGHUAHEWU,CAIYONGJIXINGGUDINGYE。ZHEISHIYANGPINGEZUFENYUGUDINGYEFENZIJIANZUOYONGLIZHUYAOSHIDINGXIANGLIHEYOUDAOLI,GEZUFENCHUFENGCIXUANJIXINGSHUNXU,JIXINGXIAODEXIANCHUFENG,JIXINGYUEDA,CHUFENGYUEMAN;

b、FENLIFEIJIXINGHUAHEWU,YINGYONGFEIJIXINGGUDINGYE,YANGPINGEZUFENYUGUDINGYEFENZIJIANZUOYONGLISHISESANLI,MEIYOUTESHUXUANZEXING,ZHEISHIGEZUFENANFEIDIANSHUNXUCHUFENG,FEIDIANDIDEXIANCHUFENG。DUIYUFEIDIANXIANGJINDEYIGOUWUDEFENLI,XIAOLVHENDI; 

c、FENLIFEIJIXINGHEJIXINGHUAHEWUDEHUNHEWUSHI,KEYONGJIXINGGUDINGYE,ZHEISHIFEIJIXINGZUFENXIANLIUCHU,GUDINGYEJIXINGYUEQIANG,FEIJIXINGZUFENYUEYILIUCHU; 

d、DUIYUNENGXINGCHENGQINGJIANDEYANGPIN。RUCHUN、FEN、ANHESHUIDEFENLI,YIBANXUANZEJIXINGHUOQINGJIANXINGDEGUDINGYE,ZHEISHIYIZUFENHEGUDINGYEFENZIJIANXINGCHENGQINGJIANNENGLIDAXIAOJINXINGFENLI。“XIANGSIXIANGRONGXINGYUANZE”SHIXUANZEGUDINGYEDEYIBANYUANZE,YOUSHILIYONGXIANYOUDEGUDINGYEBUNENGDADAOMANYIDEFENLIJIEGUOSHI,WANGWANGCAIYONG“HUNHEGUDINGYE”,YINGYONGLIANGZHONGHUOLIANGZHONGYISHANGXINGZHIGEBUXIANGTONGDE,ANSHIHEBILIHUNHEDEGUDINGYE,SHIFENLIYOUBIJIAOMANYIDEXUANZEXING,YOUBUZHISHIFENXISHIJIANYANZHANG。

ER、 RANER,ZAISHIJIGONGZUOZHONGXUANZEGUDINGYEWANGWANGSHICANKAOZILIAOHUOWENXIANJIESHAODESHILILAIXUANYONGGUDINGYEDE。

NIANYI、HUNHEGUDINGYEDECHULIFANGFAYOUJIZHONG?

DA:HUNHEGUDINGYEDECHULIFANGFAYOUSANZHONG

1、FENBIETUZIYUDANTIHOUZAIHUNHE; 

2、JIANGGUDINGYEHUNHEHOUZAITUZI,ZHUYIZHEISHISUOYONGDEGUDINGYEDOUYINGRONGJIEZAITONGYIGERONGJILI;

3、FENBIETUZI,FENBIETIANZHUANGRUANBILIZHANGDUANDESEPUZHU,ZUIHOUZAIJIANGTAMENCHUANJIEQILAI。

SHANGSHUSANZHONGCHULIFANGFA,JIEGUOJIBENXIANGTONG,DANDUIYUTESHUDEFENLI,YOUXIEYEHUIYOUCHAYI。

NIANER、CHANGYONGDEGUDINGYETULIANGWEIDUOSHAOHESHI?

DA:YOUYUGUDINGYEHANLIANGDUIFENLIXIAOLVDEYINGXIANGHENDA。SUOYITAYUDANTIDEZHONGLIANGBILI,DIBILIWEI5%,YIBANYONG15%-25%。YETIBILIZAIDA,ZE BEIFENXIDEYANGPINZAIBIJIAOHOUDEYEMOSHANGYOUKUOSANXIANXIANG,YOUSUNYUFENLI;YETIBILITAIDISHI,ZEYOUYUYEMOTAIBO,DANTIBIAOMIANSHANGCANYUDEXIFUNENGLIHUIXIANSHICHU LAI,SHISEPUFENGTUOWEI。YOUYUDIBILINENGCUJINPINGHENGDEJIANLI,KEYIYONGJIAOGAODEZAIQILIUSU,SUOYIYONGDIDEYETIBILI,ZAIJIASHANGSHAOLIANGYANGPIN,NENGSUODUANFENXISHIJIAN。DUIGUIZAOTUDANTIGUDINGYEHANLIANGKEDAXIE15-30%;YOUYUFUDANTIBIAOMIANJIJIAOXIAO,SUOYIZUIDUOZHINENG10%;ZHIYUBOLIWEIQIUYOUYUBIAOMIANJITEXIAO,GUDINGYEHANLIANGBIANZHINENGBAOCHIZAI0.25%ZUOYOU。  

NIANSAN、PEIZHUSHICHANGYONGDEGUDINGYERONGJIYOUNAXIE?XUANYONGRONGJIDEYUANZESHISHENME? 

DA:CHANGYONGDERONGJIYOU:JIACHUN、YICHUN、YIMI、BINGTONG、ZHENGDINGCHUN、ZHENGJIWAN、SHIYOUMI、BEN、JIABENHELVFANGDENGDENG。XUANYONGDEYUANZESHI1、RONGJIEXINGHAO,2、BUYUGUDINGYEQIHUAXUEFANYING,3、FEIDIANDI,4、DUXINGXIAO。0sNb`}7h  

NIANWU、SEPUZHUDECHANGYONGTIANCHONGFANGFAYOUNAXIE? 

DA:GUDINGXIANGTIANCHONGDEHAOHUAI,JIANGZHIJIEYINGXIANGZHUXIAOLV.TONGCHANGDUOYONGBENGCHOUTIANCHONGFA,JIBASEPUZHUDEYIDUANSAISHANGBOLIMIAN,JIEZHENKONGBENG,LINGYIDUANJIEYILOUDOU,ZAICHOUXIXIAJIARUGUDINGXIANG,BIANZHUANGBIANQIAODASEPUZHU,ZHIGUDINGXIANGBUZAIJINRUWEIZHI。ZHUANGHAOHOU,SAISHANGBOLIMIAN。ZHUANGZHUYAOQIUYAOTIANCHONGDEJUNYUN,JINMI,QIEJIYOUKONGXI。

NIANLIU、XINZHUANGTIANDESEPUZHUWEISHENMEYAOLAOHUAYIDUANSHIJIANCAINENGSHIYONG?

DA:ZHUANGTIANHAODESEPUZHU,LIANJIEYUYIQISHANGHOU,YINGXIANSHIYA,SHILOU,ERHOUZAIHENGDINGDEWENDUXIAYONGZAIQICHUIXISHUXIAOSHIHOUCHENGSHOUFENXI,YIBANCHENGCIWEIZHUZIDELAOHUAGUOCHENG。LAOHUADEMUDESHIBAGUDINGXIANGDECANCUNRONGJI,DIFEIDIANZAZHI,DIFENZILIANGGUDINGYEDENGGANZOU,SHIJILUQIJIXIANPINGZHI,BINGZAILAOHUAWENDUXIASHIGUDINGYEZAIDANTIBIAOMIANYOUYIGEZAIFENBUGUOCHENG,CONGERTUDEGENGJIAJUNYUNLAOGU。ZHUANGTIANHAODESEPUZHU,JINGGUOLAOHUAYIDUANSHIJIANHOU,ZHUXIAOJIXINGNENGJUNWENDINGLE,ZHEIYANGCAIKESHIYONG。 

NIANQI、SEPUZHUSHIXIAOHOUYOUNAXIEBIAOXIAN?QISHIBAIYUANYINSHISHENME?

DA:SEPUZHUSHIXIAOZHUYAOBIAOXIANWEISEPUFENLIBUHAOHEZUFENBAOLIUSHIJIANXIANZHUBIANDUAN。

SEPUZHUSHIXIAODEZHUYAOYUANYINSHI:DUIQIGUSEPULAISHUOSHIGUDINGXIANGDEHUOXINGHUOXIFUXINGNENGJIANGDILE,DUIQIYESEPULAISHUO,SHISHIYONGGUOCHENGZHONGGUDINGYEZHUJIANLIUSHISUOZHI。

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